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Brief Description: Perennial, climbing plant, with red rhizome. Herbaceous sprouts of square cross-section. Leaves in whorls, in groups of 4-6, lanceolate, oblong-ellipsoid to ovate. Flowers in loose ramifying inflorescences. Light greenish-yellow corolla. Schizocarp fruit, consisting of 2 black carpels (mericarps). It bears flowers from May until August. 
Bibliography: Γεννάδιος Π. 1959. Λεξικόν Φυτολογικόν. Αθήναι. Ehrendorfer F. & Sch?nbeck-Temesy E. 1982. Rubia L. In: Davis P. H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 7: 857-861. Edinburgh. Εκδοτική Αθηνών 1983. Εκπαιδευτική Ελληνική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια, Τόμος 10, Φυτολογία. Αθήνα. 
Particular Features: Plant that used to be widely cultivated in the past, because pigments were produced from its red root. 
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