Brief Description: Evergreen tree, with height up to 30 metres. Linear leaves, spirally arranged, with dark green and glossy upper surface and lower surface with two light-coloured zones. Male hanging cones, ovate to cylindrical, brown-red. Female upright cones, cylindrical, with height 12-17 cm, which disintegrate when they mature. Triangular, brown seeds with a wide wing. It bears flowers from May until June. 
Bibliography: Εκδοτική Αθηνών 1983. Εκπαιδευτική Ελληνική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια, Τόμος 10, Φυτολογία. Αθήνα. Strid A. & Tan K. 1997. Flora Hellenica, 1. Koenigstein. Tan K. & Iatrou G. 2001. Endemic plants of Greece. The Peloponnese. Copenhagen. 
Particular Features: Fir is cultivated as ornamental, is used as a Christmas tree, while its wood is useful in construction, for posts, musical instruments, barrels, wood pulp, paper etc. Its resin (fir-resin) is used in practical medicine for several diseases. 
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