Brief Description: Deciduous tree with height up to 30 metres. Simple leaves, 27 cm long, lanceolate, sharp-pointed at the apex, with cuneate base, serrate. Monogenic flowers, the male ones in oblong, cylindrical catkins, 12-20 cm long and the female ones usually growing at the base of the catkins. The fruit is nutlet, reddish-brown, glossy. The fruits occur 2-3 in a spherical, spiny cupule that opens during maturation. 
Bibliography: Αραμπατζής Θ. 1998. Θάμνοι και δέντρα στην Ελλάδα, Ι. Οικολογική Κίνηση Δράμας, Δράμα. Boratynski Α., Browicz K. & Zielinski J. 1992. Chorology of trees and shrubs in Greece. Polish Academy of Sciences ? Institute of Dendrology, Kornik, Poland. Εκδοτική Αθηνών 1983. Εκπαιδευτική Ελληνική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια, Τόμος 10, Φυτολογία. Αθήνα. Strid A. & Tan K. (eds) 1997. Flora Hellenica, 1. Koenigstein. 
Particular Features: It is cultivated very often for its edible fruits (chestnuts). The leaves and the male inflorescences of the chestnut-tree have pharmaceutical properties. Its wood, rather soft, is used in floors, furniture, barrels, paper etc. 
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