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Brief Description: Deciduous shrub or small tree with height up to 6 metres. Compound leaves, winged, odd pinnate with 2-4 and rarely 6 pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are 3-7 cm long, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate with sharp or obtuse apex, smooth, dark green on the upper surface and lighter-coloured underneath. The inflorescences appear in spring under the bunches of young leaves. The male inflorescences are dense and 5-10 cm long and the female ones are sparse with short pedicel. The fruit is a drupe, pressed, sharp-pointed, reddish at first and brown later on. Its flowering lasts from April until June. 
Bibliography: Αραμπατζής Θ. 2001. Θάμνοι και δέντρα στην Ελλάδα, I. Οικολογική Κίνηση Δράμας, Δράμα. Boratynski Α., Browicz K. & Zielinski J. 1992. Chorology of trees and shrubs in Greece. Polish Academy of Sciences ? Institute of Dendrology, Kornik, Poland. Yaltirik F. 1967. Pistacia L. In: Davis P. H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 544-548. 
Particular Features: Plant rich in resin, which can be found in the market in the form of white, glassy crystals. Its fruit is eaten roasted with salt in some areas, while the young tender sprouts are made into pickles (tsitsirafa) by inhabitants of Pilio, V. Sporades and Evo 
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