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Brief Description: Evergreen shrub. Upright, ramified sprouts, 20-50 cm high. The leaves are small, scale-like, on oblate leaf-shaped branches (heart-shaped leaves). The heart-shaped leaves are hard, ovate or lanceolate, sharp-pointed, with spiny apex. Solitary flowers on the underneath surface of the heart-shaped leaves. The fruit is berry, spherical, red. It bears flowers from February until May. 
Bibliography: Boratynski Α., Browicz K. & Zielinski J. 1992. Chorology of trees and shrubs in Greece. Polish Academy of Sciences ? Institute of Dendrology, Kornik, Poland. Davis P. H. 1984. Ruscus L. In: Davis P. H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 72-74. Edinburgh. Εκδοτική Αθηνών 1983. Εκπαιδευτική Ελληνική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια, Τόμος 10, Φυτολογία. Αθήνα. 
Particular Features: Some species of this genus are cultivated as ornamentals. 
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